Reporting on new discoveries regarding the Black Hawk War in Utah. since 1989 historian Phillip B Gottfredson has devoted his time and resources to nearly two decades of research. The inaccuracies in Utah's history, as they pertain to Utah's Native American inhabitants, reservations, treaties, tribal identity, and Native relations with early Mormon pioneers, must of neccesity be corrected now or never.

"The Truth must be told, regardless of what happened." ~ Loya Arrum





Full funding for the book "Black Hawk's Mission of Peace" by Author/Historian Phillip B Gottfredson has been raised. Thanks to several donors from around the United States who by their generosity and extraordinary kindness we are able to meet our obligation to have the book published. The exact release date of the book has not yet been determined. But we are hopeful it will be before years end.

We are very grateful for the tremendous support from many people who have helped us achieve our goal.


Author and Historian and founder of this website Phillip B Gottfredson just signed a book deal with Simon and Schuster/Archway!


My Journey To Understanding,,, BLACK HAWK'S MISSION OF PEACE

We are proud to announce that historian Phillip B Gottfredson has completed his Black Hawk's Mission of peace that has been twenty years in the making. The book is now ready to published.

Phillip recently visited the Timpanogos Nation and spoke with Chief Executive Mary Meyer, who you may know is a direct descendant of Chief Arapeen. Mary read the manuscript and told Phillip she was pleased with the book, and gave Phillip her blessings to have it published. Mary and her brother Perry also gave him a few more personal stories to add to his book, and made some minor changes to the manuscript. Some technical changes at it pertains to Treaties. This is significant as no writers in the past have cared enough to get permission or opinions from the Native people they are writing about.

Publishing a book is expensive. Mr. Gottfredson has set up a Go Fund Me account in hopes of raising $3800 needed to pay for the cost of publication. "I want this to be a nice book, one that the Tribe can give their children and their children for generations to come" said Phillip.

Mr. Gottfredsons goal is to have the book published and on the market in a couple months. If you would like to contribute you can make a donation through Pay Pal by clicking on the 'Donate" button above, or if you prefer please visit our GoFundMe account.




It is important to make a donation in support of Historian Phillip B Gottfredson's ongoing research which helps to keep the Black Hawk War Project going. And so it is also important to thank all those who have donated, we deeply appreciate your generosity!

More good news! Mr. Gottfredson has just completed his book titled "Black Hawk's Mission of Peace" that has been over twenty years in the making. An official announcement will be made soon regarding the book's release, but we are so excited we couldn't wait to let our followers know. While it's still in manuscript form at this time, there is some work to be done before it will be ready for publishing. But, those who have had the privilege of reading some of the manuscript have already placed their orders. Mr. Gottfredson's book chronicles his 20 years of research on the Black Hawk War while living with the descendants of Timpanogos Chiefs Walker (Wakara) Arapeen, Tabby, and Black Hawk, and various Native American Tribes throughout North America. He describes his extraordinary spiritual journey among the Native people as being "forever life changing" filled with intrigue and mystery.

Our official announcement to be made soon!




2018 was a banner year for The Black Hawk War; Utah's Native American history website. We spent hundreds of hours improving the performance side of things, and the results have been staggering. Google reported our visits have increased as much as 1600% over the previous year! That means we are reaching a much broader audience.

Moreover, Mr. Gottfredson added a lot of new material and spent considerable time rewriting old material. Our content is more accurate and in-depth than before. Our addition of the Black Hawk War Timeline page has been a great hit with our followers who are students, teachers, and historians, enabling greater access to all the material we have accumulated over the past 20 years of research.

More importantly we have been consistent in our primary goal being to educate people about the Black Hawk War in Utah from the perspective of Utah's Native American peoples who were most affected by this monumental tragedy in American history. We have through our efforts corrected key aspects of Utah's Black Hawk War history and are seeing other related websites following suit. One example is Wikipedia where we have seen significant changes, most important is the Timpanogos Nation. When we introduced the Timpanogos as having played a major role in Utah's Black Hawk War there was much skepticism among our followers. Because we backed our claim with documentation provided by Mary Meyer Chief Executive of the Timpanogos Nation our claim stood strong against opposing points of view. We are confident our work will continue to stand the test of time and bring a much needed and unique perspective to Utah's history.

We are looking forward to another great year, and a sincere THANK YOU to all our loyal fans!


Update 10/22/2018 It appears Google has heard our complaint and corrected Colorow's photo being labeled as Walker.

Ute Chief ColorowColorow's photo here I have seen many times and in numerous articles mislabeled as Timpanogos Chief Walker or Walkara. This is an insult to both the Timpanogos Nation and to the Ute Nation. Historians also refer to Chief Colorow as Ute, when in fact he was Comanche. He was captured by the Mouche of the Southern Utes, and raised from childhood by the Mouche, Capote, and Tabaquache of the Colorado Ute peoples. Though he was born a Comanche, he lived his life as a Colorado Ute, and eventually became their leader. Colorow never came to Utah, and the Comanche is a branch of the Shoshone. So, Colorow was born a Shoshoni and raised as a Southern Ute. He was the Chief of the Ute Mountain Utes and is buried in Ignacio, Colorado. Colorado Ute Chiefs were Ouray who died Aug 24, 1880, Colorow died 1888, and Chief Ignacio died December 9, 1913. The Timpanogos are Snake-Shoshone and indigenous to Utah, but no relation to the Utes. Walkara was a leader of the Timpanogos who died in 1855 in Utah. Visit: Timpanogos Nation * Ute Tribe * Ute Mountain Utes *


Research Notice 10/22/2018:

"Uintah Ouray Reservation" Nonexistent

How many times have you heard TV, Radio, Newspapers, and even court documents say or use the term "Uintah Ouray Reservation?" Well, did you know the fact is the Uintah Ouray Reservation is non exist ant.

"The Ute Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation" is only a constitutional name NOT A RESERVATION and never was a reservation." Black Hawk Productions has recently added a new page to it's website titled "Utah's Timpanogos Are Snake-Shoshoni; No relation to Utes." And on this page Black Hawk War Historian Phillip B Gottfredson talks about the Uintah Ouray Reservation as never being ratified by Congress and therefore does not exist. The following is an excerpt from that page.

"The Northern Ute Tribe of Utah is a federally recognized Tribe. The "NORTHERN UTE TRIBE" wasn't created until 1937, under the constitutional name "Ute Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation". The "Ute Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation" is only a constitutional name NOT A RESERVATION and never was a reservation. Congress is the only one that can create a reservation, and there is no congressional act that created any reservation called the " Uintah & Ouray Reservation." The Northern Ute Tribe lives on the Uintah Valley Reservation as does the Timpanogos Tribe.

The Executive Order signed by Abraham Lincoln in 1861 that created the Uintah Valley Reservation does not make any mention of the "Uintah Ouray Reservation" and/or make any reference to the "Utes" or Ute Indians of Colorado or "Confederated Utes of Colorado" what-so-ever. What President Abe Lincoln said was "that the Uintah Valley, in the Territory of Utah, be set apart and reserved for the use and occupancy of Indian Tribes of Utah." Signed by The President Abraham Lincoln Executive Office Oct. 3, 1861, with the Presidents words "Let the reservation be established, as recommended by the Secretary of the Interior." It was then enacted into law on May 5, 1864, by Act of Congress.

In 1886 then-President Chester Arthur by Executive Mansion (same as Executive Order) designated a small strip of land on the Uintah Valley Reservation for the "temporary" use by the Colorado Utes at the Uintah and Ouray Agency to graze their cattle, which is today known as Ouray. President Arthur's Executive Mansion order did not abrogate or diminish the Uintah Valley Reservation. And in a recent 10th District Court ruling July 2017, the court said that the Uintah Valley reservation has never been abrogated or diminished and remains intact."

Why the Uintah Valley Reservation is being called the Uintah Ouray Reservation remains a mystery. Learn more at Utah's Timpanogos Are Snake-Shoshoni; No relation to Utes.



Timpanogos Tribe of Utah On The Internet

By Phillip B Gottfredson - 09/2018

Efforts to help correct Utah's inaccurate Native American history and bring attention to the Timpanogos Nation has begun to take hold on the internet.

Until four years ago, like most people I believed the Black Hawk War was between the Ute Nation and the Mormons. All the histories written said so. Why would we believe any different? That was until four years ago when I got a call from the Timpanogos Tribe's Chief Executive Mary Meyer. Mary respectfully informed me she was intrigued by my website and with all the research I have done. “I have been trying to get a hold of you..” she said, “to tell you that you have the wrong Tribe.”

Needless to say, I went into my defensive mode, after all I had invested more than a decade researching the Black Hawk War, “what do you mean I have the wrong Tribe” I responded. “Haven't you ever heard of the Timpanogos” Mary asked? Puzzled I said, “well... yes, maybe, aren't they Ute?” During that phone conversation Mary Meyer said enough to convince me it was probably a good idea I speak with her in person.

We met at a mutual friends home in Salt Lake, and what was supposed to be a hour meeting turned into four years and one of the greatest highlights in my life. As Mary has patiently educated me on a little known Tribe that history has marginalized. Or, to put it more succinctly, the Mormon church and it's historians have buried under a mountain of half-truths, ambiguities, platitudes, and omissions.

Upon getting acquainted with the Timpanogos peoples, the first thing I offered them was that I wanted to build them a website free of charge. It took a month to build it, and we launched in July of 2014. Since then we have watched it propagate the internet with surprising results. In 2014 a search for 'Timpanogos Indians' would result in hundreds of pages regarding Mount Timpanogos, and everything else associated with Mount Timpanogos, except the Tribe, from whom the mountain gets it's name. That has changed, and the Timpanogos Tribe of a thousand people, finally have a voice.

Of coarse I had to rewrite all 83 pages of my website replacing the word 'Ute' with Timpanogos. And now with two websites on the internet about the Timpanogos, we are seeing the name 'Timpanogos' everywhere. Not only that, many other sites we see are correcting their stories about the Black Hawk War and also replacing 'Ute' with... you guessed it, the Timpanogos Tribe!

Just a few days ago the Tribe updated their news page, and you should take a look at . And while you're there take a look around at their history etc., if you haven't already.

In closing I just want to say, for the past four years I have been spending all my summers with Mary and her people here on the Uinta Valley Reservation. Same as my great-grandfather did. He spent much of his time living with the Timpanogos and during the Black Hawk War. And now I understand why he too loved being with them.




Dedication of the Circleville Massacre Memorial

Circleville Memorial

Dedication of the Circleville Massacre Memorial I would describe as being a fair and accurate depiction of the tragic event of 1866 when 27 Paiute Koosharem men women and children were brutally murdered. Approximately 25 members of the Paiute tribe were present at the dedication along with some 40 or so people comprised of historians from the church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, along with towns folk and the press. I was there along with Mary Meyer Chief Executive of the Timpanogos Nation, and a direct descendents of Chiefs Arapeen, Walkara, and Tabby. The ceremony lasted about an hour. And following the ceremony there was talk among the Paiute and historians of locating the burial place of the Massacre victims and a possible repatriation of their remains to bring closure to those whose ancestors were involved in the atrocity. (See: Circleville Massacre)