"When I began my research into the Black Hawk War in Utah. There is no way I could have anticipated what that question would lead to. I simply wanted to know what the Native Americans' side of the story is. I was invited to live with a Shoshoni family who, with love and patience, took it upon themselves to teach me what it means to be Native American."
by Phillip B Gottfredson | Author of the book "Black Hawk's Mission of Peace"
March 16, 2008
Yesterday I was in a meeting interviewing an individual of social influence in Provo, Utah, for our documentary film about the Black Hawk War in Utah. Out of respect, I will not name names; it is not important to this comment anyway. But we were discussing my work as an advocate for the First Nation peoples of Utah when the interviewee made the following comment: "Sometimes when whites learn of the history of the Indians, they become so sympathetic toward them that they feel they should help them" she said. "And because they now have some knowledge of their past, they feel that they can speak for the Indians and represent them. The Indian people can take care of themselves; they don't need such people speaking for them. Often these people who have good intentions do more harm than good." (Words to that effect).
Of course, I understood that this person's comments were directed toward me. I was being accused of poking my nose into Indian affairs and assuming the role as a spokesperson for the Native people of Utah; what is ironic, the person was making assumptions by telling me what she believed they thought. Had it been that she was Native American, I would have taken her comment more seriously.
"Because you were born human makes you superior to nothing."
A couple of years ago, I spoke with my mentor, a Shoshoni elder, and she asked me why I wanted to help Native people. I gave my explanation when she said to me, "who died and made you God." Her stinging words brought tears to my eyes. I knew she was not trying to be mean-spirited. She went on to explain that "the biggest problem between the whites and Native people is that the whites have always believed that they know what is best for Natives, that they never ask us what we need, they never listen, they only cram their ideas down our throats." Indeed it was a valuable lesson I learned that day, and one I will never forget. But it takes time to overcome arrogance, especially when you were raised with it from childhood. A slap in the face was just the thing I needed to make me shut up and listen. To ask how I can help and not assume I know the answers. We can learn much from Native people if only we get out of our heads and listen with our hearts. Often they reminded me, "We have two ears and one mouth. Listen more and talk less," they would say to me. I was there living with the Shoshoni to learn, not to teach my ways to them.
It's true about us whites; our culture has this tendency to think that our ways are better than anyone else's. One of the reasons for our arrogance or lack of humility is, and there are many, goes back to the time of our ancestors. Manifest Destiny, the belief that God led our ancestors to the
promised land, and because of that God favored our
ancestors who then believed they were superior to all others. The concept of
being superior is not unusual in our culture, I recall a comment John Lowry made in 1894, he was accused of being the one who caused the Black Hawk War. "We had to do these things or be run over by them. It was a question of supremacy between the white man and the Indian," he said.
To be #1 in all things is to be American. To be ahead of others is our ambition. In the Native American culture, I learned that no one person is superior to another. That Creator gave each person talents and gifts that should be used unselfishly for the betterment of the community. That things have their purpose, and no one or anything should be taken for granted. It follows then that if one person or thing suffers, then all suffer, for all things are interconnected one to the other and dependant upon one another. It does not mean we should be complacent and not pursue our interests, get an education and be successful. It's about humility. For example, the plant people breathe in the carbon dioxide that we exhale to live, and they breathe out oxygen so we can live. Who is more important?
It is not about the Native people that I work with or me. It's about US and the circle of life - inclusive equality. When there are injustices against any one individual, there are injustices against all others. When one person is denied equality, my rights have been violated, so have all others. We are human regardless of color or religion. And we have two choices in our life, either we forever defend our rights, or we forever leave them alone. To say it's not my problem, I am too busy, or I am just doing my job, is to contribute to the discrimination and bigotry that we say we oppose. Martin Luther King said, "It's not the voices of our enemy were fear, its the silence of our friends." Perhaps in my passion for my work, I have said something the wrong way. But I don't know everything; I am only learning as we all are.
I am not "anti-Mormon," but I do discriminate against those who believe they are superior to others and are so passionate about their beliefs that they are closed-minded. The Black Hawk War was about controlling the land and survival of the Native people of Utah or the uninvited Mormon intruders. It is what it is.
I am not a spokesman for the Native people of Utah. Nor do I consider myself an expert in their ways. But they are my brothers, and my sisters, and fellow human beings. And I will stand in defense of their rights as I do for myself. We need to stop blaming each other and look upon our past and present problems, with compassion and equality as the human condition.
"Do not follow me because I may not always lead. Do not lead me, for I may not always follow. Let us walk our path together as one."- Author unknown
It's damned if you do and damned if you don't in my world. On the one hand, when I am speaking to Mormons, if I use the words Mormon and Indian in the same sentence, I am labeled with the dreaded word "ANTI-MORMON." On the other hand, if I say I am an advocate for Native Americans, I am a "WANNABE." Both statements are derogatory and demoralizing and cause divisions. And both people who use these terms are being hypocritical in their own beliefs. Both say they believe in equality and do not condone segregation but do so when they use these terms against others.
How many times do I hear the words, "That's all in the past we just need to forget about it and move on." True, it is all in the past when we speak of our history, but we should never forget. On one side of the river, the whites don't want to be reminded of how their ancestors treated the Native people and say, "I have heard it all a thousand times, so what, get over it." On the other side of the river, the Native people are saying, "we are victims, and we won't be happy until you go away and give back the land you stole." Neither side wants pity, and pity wouldn't resolve anything. Both sides do want respect, however. Each would start to feel better if people would understand why they think the way they do.
If you want to see the power of empathy and compassion at work, I encourage everyone to take a break for a few minutes and look at what is happening in a tiny town in Washington State called Twisp. The town borders an Indian reservation. Google Twisp for the story, or get the video called Two Rivers. Two cultures came together to reconcile the past. The rules were simple; no religious entity could be involved, no government either. They agreed to listen to each other with open minds and open hearts. And if you want to see the power of our Creator at work, this will blow your mind.
In 2001 when I began my research on the Black Hawk War in Utah. I wanted to know what the Native Americans' side of the story is. There is no way I could have anticipated what that question would lead me to. I know for a certainty, for us to think that we don't need to understand our past, we are doomed to repeat the same mistakes. Explanations give us the answers to fulfilling the dream we all have - to live in a world of peace and freedom for all our relations.
Returning to my interviewee's comment suggesting I was assuming the role of 'spokesperson' for the Native people is absurd. It was just the opposite. The years I spent learning from Native Americans forever changed my life in a good way. They saved me from my own worst enemy - myself.
Note: Since 2008, Phillip continued in his research of the Black Hawk War while living with Native people throughout North and South America. He was invited to participate in numerous sacred ceremonies while learning the life-ways of Native Americans. "During my time living with First Nations people, I was asked by the elders to teach others what they taught me and help build that bridge between our cultures," Phillip explained. "I have always felt a deep respect and humility for the trust indigenous people put in me. I will always honor that and the sacred vows I made."
See: Phillip B Gottfredson Bio & Source Material