Here are the Latest research updates of the Black Hawk War in Utah. Since 2003 we have made every effort to accurately portray the Black Hawk War from the vantage point of the Native peoples of Utah– a reference point that we believe has been deliberately ignored.

"The Truth must be told, regardless of what happened." ~ Loya Arrum




From Phillip B Gottfredson

We are deeply saddened from all the tragedy that is gripping our country and around the world. In my 75 years I can't recall anything that has been so bad as it is now. And I don't think there is anyone who isn't being affected in some way. People, animals, plants, nothing and no one is left out, we truly are in this togeather.

Yet, I have hope. I believe in the human spirit. We will find the way to come togeather and rebuild our lives again, and better. This is a time of great change throughout the world. And as long as we remain humble and prayerful and do what needs to be done, things will get better. It will take time, but it will happen.

Please stay safe, be kind to each other and above all find your warrior spirit. We need each other.





Over the past few days has been changing over to a new server. Inmotion Hosting has long been our internet server, and when they notified us we were required to upgrade our service to a new Apache server we GASPED! Our greatest concern being it could be very disruptive. That our website and e-mail accounts would temporarily go down! Bad timing when we just launched our new books and made major changes to our website. And just before the holiday season?! We however complied, but nothing bad happened. We are truly grateful to Inmotion Hosting for stelar work, even though they warned us there could be some problems, the upgrade was seamless!

So we are loving our new's faster! And fast is good...right? Big hugs for!



Open Letter From Author Phillip B Gottfredson

Greetings everyone. I wanted to share with you what people are saying about my book "My Journey to Understand... Black Hawk's Mission of Peace." Recently sales of the book have taken off, and I am very grateful to those who are expressing how deeply moved they are by the book on many different levels. Archway Publishing from Simon & Schuster who published the book called me to confirm I have made it on their best-seller list!

More importantly, the other day around 6:30 am I had just got out of bed when a knock came to my door. It was a member of the Timpanogos Tribe I have known for a few years now. John is a hulk of a man, and I invited him in for coffee. He got to the point saying "I have been reading your book. I haven't got very far cause I can't hold back my tears. I have to put it down and after a couple days I read it some more until I can't see through my tears. Its so real to me my brother. I was just passing by going to town and had to stop and tell you."

There are so many stories I could share with you that are even more stunning, but it meant so much to me when John came by because its his ancestors I wrote about.

Being honest with you its all very humbling to me. It causes me to reflect over the past decades and all the beautiful people I met along the way I wish I could go back and do it again. And many have walked on who I miss dearly. But their spirit and the long conversations we had live on in my heart and in my book. I'm speaking of coarse about my Native friends who walked beside me opening my eyes and heart to world I never knew existed.

This book is not a story that is just about the Black Hawk War, but a boy who became his nations leader believing that love can overcome hate. Hypocritical morality. One who respected himself and appreciated others because we are all human. He understood the natural order that all inhabitants of Mother Earth are connected. He loved unconditionally, and forgave unconditionally, that being born human makes you superior to nothing. He knew that true freedom meant being in harmony with his fellow man and all that our Creator gave us. He fought to protect the sacred, his people, and human equality. This was Black Hawk's Mission of Peace.

I end here with a passage from my book I hope you will find inspiring:

A German poet, Johann Wolfgang Goethe wrote, “A man sees in the world what he carries in his heart.” I believe Black Hawk understood that  the path to healing begins within each of us. If you want to see love in the world, then be loving. If you want to find kindness in the world, then be a kind person. If you want there to be peace, then find peace within. Love, humility, honesty, kindness, courage, wisdom, and respect, these virtues we must have in our hearts before we will see them in the world.

Be who you truly are, and come from your heart in all that you do and say. You will find that the language of the heart is love, a universal language understood by all, even the animals who are our relatives, they too understand the language of the heart. We are too much in the habit of blaming others. It’s time we take a long look at what’s in our hearts, and be the person we want others to be.

Prayers and blessing to all my relatives here. Thank you for letting me share.




Black Hawk's Mission of Peace author Phillip B Gottfredson

Phillip B Gottfredson's book "My Journey to Understand...Black Hawk's Mission of Peace" just made publishers Best Seller List! (Archway Publishing From Simon & Shuster)

Get the Book!



Chief Executive of the Timpanogos Nation and Author Phillip B Gottfredson were just recently interviewed on the Jay Winter Nightwolf radio show. A 21 year veteran radio host in Washington DC, Jay Nightwolf spent two hours discussing the Utah Black Hawk War, and the legacy of the war with Mary and Phillip. We will post a link to the interview as soon as it becomes available for our folowers to listen too.


Phillip B Gottfredson author of My Journey to Understand Black Hawk's Mission of Peace. Hi, this is Author Phillip B Gottfredson and It gives me great pleasure to announce that my great-grandfathers book Indian Depredations in Utah is back in print as of Aug 1, 2020.

2019 marks the 100th anniversary of Peter Gottfredson's old-west classic firsthand account of the Mormon's Black Hawk War in Utah. First published in 1919 by Skelton Publishing CO. Salt Lake City, Utah, only 100 copies were printed.

Indian Depredations in UtahI hope you will lend your support to the preservation of Peter's time-honored work by purchasing our official republication of Peter Gottfredson's original version of Indian Depredations in Utah.


Very gratefully yours, Author Phillip B Gottfredson



Changes have been made to our website improving functionality. We got rid of all those annoying new tabs that would open every time you open a new page. Now visitors are able browse freely without all those annoying tabs.

We love hearing from you! And so we have made it easy for our visitors who have comments, suggestions, or have questions to join our Facebook page. Just click on CONTACT US and click on the FB icon to join. If you have had a Facebook account for 3 months or more you are automatically approved!

As we announced earlier, we have put back into print Peter Gottfredson's book Indian Depredations In Utah that was first published in 1919. This republication is the original version of Peter's firsthand account of the Black Hawk War in Utah. We are celebrating the 100th year anniversary of Peter's book! And we are planning to come out with a 100th anniversary edition hopefully by the end of this year.

Thank you everyone for helping us to make The Black Hawk War; Utah's Forgotten History website the best!




Author Phillip B Gottfredson 2020

Where did the time go? At the age of 75 I cant help but reminisce a bit. Thirty one years have gone by now since I and my brother David began researching the Black Hawk War in Utah. And 18 years since I first launched this website. That's a lot of water under the bridge! And I have enjoyed every moment with no regrets. I am grateful to all who have supported my project, family, good friends, visitors, and donors. I could never have done it with out you!

What's truly amazing are the extraordinary experiences along the way. In my wildest dreams I never thought researching the Black Hawk War would take me all over the United States and down into south America. From Washington DC, to Washing state, reservations throughout the western states, and to the Mayan in in San Pedro, the past 20 years have been the best years of my life learning from Native American peoples their stories and life-ways.

But I say to you in all sincerity I never felt the journey was about me. In my mind it was always about us, all of us. It's been a quest to find and share with everyone the truth about not only the Black Hawk War, but the indigenous people across this land we all call home. There is so much we can learn from Native people, if only we would listen. And I can't thank them enough for their kindness, generosity, and patience in allowing me into their personal lives. Many have been the times we have along side each other down a lonely road, or through the forests deep, or sat beside and mountain stream, or starring into a warming fire, sometimes with tears of gratitude in our eyes for the beauty that surrounds us all. There is so much beauty to be grateful for if we would only open our hearts.

I always remember a conversation I had with a Hopi friend. In a time of confusion I said, "I love your culture so much I don't want to go back to my own. I feel caught between two worlds not knowing where I belong anymore." My friend spoke softly to me, "having a foot in both worlds is not a bad thing my brother. Its a blessing, a gift from Creator that you can walk in two worlds. And if you can, use that gift and be a bridge-builder." Humbled by his words it was then I understood my purpose in life. I understood why Creator had set my brother and me on a path that would forever change our lives in a good and meaningful way.

I have grown a lot over these past years. And the conclusion I have come to is best summed up in these words:

And after all is said and done about the War and all the suffering it caused, I make this one conclusion: In the end, it’s about the human condition. It is to know that because you were born human, it gives you superiority over nothing. The message of Indigenous America is connection, relationship, and unity. All people are one. One of the direct living descendants of Creator. Chief Joseph said, “We have no qualms about color. It has no meaning. It doesn't mean anything." And I believe that was Black Hawk’s message.

Follow your hearts with love in all that you do. Never be afraid to stand up for your truth. And always remember to use your gifts for the good of all, the two leggeds, the four leggeds, those that fly swim and crawl, the seen and the unseen. We all have a purpose for being here on Mother Earth. Be all that Creator gave you to be if it is good and meant to be for all our relations. Live your life in a good way that you will have no regrets.



Peter Gottfredson's book INDIAN DEPREDATIONS IN UTAH is back in print!

Peter Gottfredson's book Indian Depredations In Utah 1919"When Peter first published his book in 1919, he could only afford a 100 printed copies," said Phillip B Gottfredson Peter's great-grandson. "I first republished Peter's book back in 2002, then there were only a few worn out copies to be found in the libraries."

Mr. Gottfredson went on to say, "Having just published my new book titled My Journey to Understand... Black Hawk's Mission of Peace I felt it fitting that my and Peter's should be made companion books. After all, it was Peter's book that gave me the inspiration to write my own. But there is much more we have in common which I find amusing, others call it fate. I call it coincidence."

"You be the judge, Mr. Gottfredson says. "Here are some facts. It took I and Peter 20 years to write our books. Peter published his in 1919, I published mine in 2019. Peter spent much of his time living in Timpanogos camps. I have spent five summers living with them also. Both book's are about the Timpanogos Nation and the Utah Black Hawk War. The list goes on, but I'm being honest with you, I never dreamed any of this would happen, it was destined to be."

"Grateful that great-grandfather's book has been held in such high regard, Peter would be pleased for sure as it was his wish that his book would have it's place in Utah's history. Out of respect for Peter and the Gottfredson family, I feel it is our duty to honor our ancestors legacy and preserve the dignity of his work that Peter Gottfredson so well deserves with this official edition of Indian Depredations In Utah. It is a paperback edition for now, however we are working on a beautiful cloth bound edition like Peter's original we hope will be out by years end."

"Meanwhile, I hope you will lend your support to the preservation of Peter's work by purchasing our official republication of Peter Gottfredson's book Indian Depredations in Utah." is very proud and excited to add Indian Depredations In Utah to our website as a companion book to Phillip B Gottfredson's book My Journey To Understand... Black Hawk's Mission of Peace.



Battle Creek Pleasant Grove, Utah

by Phillip B Gottfredson

Carol Pettit Harding and Phillip B Gottfredson plant juniper tree in rememberance of The Timpanogos Tribes whoes lives were lost at Battle Creek Pleasant Grove, Utah.Remembering the lives lost at Battle Creek September of 1849, Carol Pettit Harding suggested that we plant a blue juniper tree at the site where the massacre took place at Battle Creek Park above Pleasant, Utah. We met with Deon Giles Park Director who gave us permission to plant the tree. Carol and I prepared the ground, made an offering and prayed over the spot.




Just a few days ago a new member of our Facebook page David McLaughlin uploaded a never before seen document about Chief Arapeen dated 1856. "This is a copy of the original transfer of land comprising what is now Sanpete County, Utah from Arropine (Siegnerouch) to Brigham Young on December 23rd, 1856. I have viewed the original document several times at the Sanpete County Courthouse and am wondering if you have seen this original transfer document as well? So in essence Chief Arapeen signed over the San Pete land, the livestock, the guns, and tools listed to Brigham Young valued at the time at $155,765.00?" wrote David McLaughlin.

"This is a copy of the original transfer of land comprising what is now Sanpete County, Utah from Arropine (Siegnerouch) to Brigham Young on December 23rd, 1856.

The document sparked lively discussion when Chief Excutive Mary Meyer of the Timpanogos Tribe and a direct descendant of Chief Arapeen pointed out that the handwriten document and the three signatures of the witnesses to the document were written by the same person. With that the discussion concluded with the sound of crickets.

We are grateful to David Mclaughlin for sharing this and have posted the document on our Black Hawk War Treaty page for all to see. Or you can logon to our facbook page and also read the whole coversation.



Did you know that manages three Facebook pages that are dedicated to many different aspects of Native American Nations and Tribes throughout north and south America? Covering a variety of fascinating topics from Native American spiritual beliefs, political and history. For your convenience we have listed them below along with descriptions and links. Currently we have over 2100 followers. Please feel welcome to join our groups and follow us on Facebook!

Phillip B Gottfredson's Group: "The heart knows not the color of the skin." One voice, one heart, one prayer, is to acknowledge that we are all one. Everything that exists has purpose and is an integral part of the tapestry we call the 'circle of life'.

At this time our focus is on the fossil fuel industry, corporations and people who choose excessive wealth over protecting our environment from their destructive greed. Phillip B Gottfredson's Group stands in support of equality, our right to protect our most fundamental resources, our right to abundant natural food, clean water, clean air, and healing Mother Earth upon which all life depends. This is a public group.

Wisdom Keepers: Wisdom Keepers Group is a circle of kindred spirits who are students, teachers, leaders, and followers of spiritual and sacred life-ways of Native American indigenous cultures. No one person is more important than another. The opinions and comments of every person matters. Allow Honesty, Love, Courage, Truth, Wisdom, Humility, and Respect be the guiding principles in all posts and comments. Members are encouraged to ask questions, make comments, and share your own personal experiences. And so, Wisdom Keepers is a kind of sanctuary where we gather as a community to learn from each other, prayer and meditation. Emphasis on prayer and meditation. This is a private group.

The Black Hawk War; Utah's Forgotten History: THE BLACK HAWK WAR trouble began when Mormon settlers pushed their way into the Great Basin (Utah) in 1847. Chief Wakara of the Timpanogos Nation who are indigenous to Utah, warned LDS Church leader Brigham Young and his followers they were not welcome to settle on their ancestral land. Brigham's all Mormon militia in hand with U.S. Troops would commit some of the most repulsive massacres in American history at Battle Creek in 1849, Fort Utah in 1850, Mt. Meadows in 1857, Bear River in 1863, Squaw Valley in 1865, and the Circleville Massacre in 1866. .

Our objective is to educate people about the tragic war between Mormon colonists and the Timpanogos Tribe that has been ignored and to a large extent covered-up. This is a public group.




Black Hawk Productions is proud to annouce that our Facebook page the Black Hawk War; Utah's Forgotten History Group has finally begun to take hold. If you have questions or comments about the Utah Black Hawk War our Facebook page is the place to go. Connecting with members of the Timpanogos Tribe living descendants of Arapeen, Wakara, Tabby, Tintic, Mormon pioneers and experts on the Utah Black Hawk War has never been easier. We invite our visitors to join us and become members of our group. In depth conversations, shareing documents, and new discoveries are happening everyday. Please join us on Facebook, its so easy. If you have had a Facebook account for more than 30 days, you are already approved. See you on Facebook!



Mystery Solved!

Kiowa Apache man named Black Hawk.

For many decades people in Utah have believed that this is a photo of a pencil sketch of Antonga Black Hawk. The fact is, it is not! There are no known photos of Antonga Black Hawk. It's always been a mystery where this photo came from and who this Black Hawk is.

This is a photo of a Kiowa Apache man called Black Hawk. This portrait is an Albumen print taken in 1875 by William S. Soule who was the post photographer at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. It has been provided by the Smithsonian collection. By clicking on the photo it is linked to the source. Utah's Timpanogos Chief Antonga Black Hawk was buried in Spring Lake, Utah in 1870. This photo has no place what-so-ever in Utah's history. We wish to thank David McLaughlin for this information.

This is typical of the confusion that surrounds Utah's Native American history. We are always striving to help correct this history in a good and honest fashion.



January and March have been busy for us. Phillip's new book My Journey to Understand... Black Hawk's Mission of Peace has been our focus. You may have noticed we have removed all our Goggle ads, and request for donations we have limited to just our contact page. We have continued our efforts to freshen up our website content and improve the functionality. Considerable time has been spent improving site navigation.

Though it's still early to say how the book is doing in sales, all indications are exciting. The reviews have all been 5 stars! We do not sell the book on our website, but we have made it easy to purchase it from the publisher Archway Publishing, Amazon, and Barns & Nobel. They are but three out of any number of online sellers nationally who are offering the book for sale and anyone can order it through their favorite bookstore.

Phillip has undergone cataract surgery and and is doing very well. We wish him a speedy recovery!




Historian sheds new light on the Black Hawk War of 1849 to 1873 in new book
Phillip B Gottfredson shares a Timpanogos perspective in ‘My Journey to Understand ... Black Hawk’s Mission of Peace’
PARKER, Ariz. – Phillip B. Gottfredson shares an intimate perspective of the Timpanogos peoples of Utah and the Black Hawk War of 1849 to 1873 in his debut Native American history book titled “My Journey to Understand ... Black Hawk’s Mission of Peace” (published by Archway Publishing).

Some 70,000 Timpanogos Indians — the aboriginal people of Utah — died from violence, starvation, and disease after Mormon colonists stole their land and destroyed their culture over a 21-year timeframe according to the detailed account Gottfredson learned from the Native Americans. Because few people know anything about Timpanogos Indians, who they are, or what they believed in, the author seeks to educate readers about them.

“Native American history is an integral part of this country’s history,” Gottfredson says. “After all is said and done, after the Black Hawk War and all the suffering it caused, I make this one conclusion: It isn’t about the war. It isn’t about religion. It isn’t about owning land and having material wealth. It’s not about power. In the end, it’s about the human condition. There is no such thing as race. Race is man’s invention to create divisions and separations, the building of walls and fences to segregate us from one another, to have power over each other. There is but one race, the human race. It’s about humanity, human equality, aboriginal rights and a sovereign people. It’s about there being one world, one prayer, and one heart. Having compassion toward all our relations.”

About the Author
As a historian Phillip B Gottfredson has spent the past 20 yearsAuthor Phillip B Gottfredson My Journey To Understand Black Hawk's Mission of Peace. researching and writing about the Black Hawk War in Utah while living with various Indian tribes throughout North and South America. He was invited to participate in numerous sacred ceremonies and received council from many tribal elders and leaders, which is unusual among today’s historians. Because Gottfredson is personally involved in Native American culture, his account brings an alternate perspective to a war that has historically been examined from the perspective of Mormon colonizers. For his advocacy for the First Nations people of Utah, the Utah State Division of Indian Affairs awarded him the prestigious Indigenous Day Award.

Five Star Review!

In psychological terms, they say you cannot get mentally healthy until you admit the problem, and are willing to look at all your behavior honestly. This book is an honest look at how native peoples have been and still are treated by an encroaching group who believe they have a higher right to do whatever they want to do, regardless of the consequences in human pain and suffering. We have a hard time imagining that our human history is a checkered one. Mr. Gottfredson has done an amazing job of telling this story with passion and honesty. As you follow him through his journey of discovery, you will be captivated by his experiences. And if you are willing to be honest in your feelings and a real student of human history, you will be rewarded with a greater and more profound understanding of the path we would all do well to emulate on our way to psychological wholeness. (and also a real spiritual awakening) As many have said, this book should be a part of every American high school student's study of American history, for if we could be willing to acknowledge our whole history and see the truth, the truth will set us free. Bravo, Sir !
barely ablemann



The book My Journey to Understand... Black Hawk's Mission of Peace by Phillip B Gottfredson has just been released! Published by Archway from Simon and Shuster, is now available for purchase in bookstores and online. Available in all formats, hardcover, softcover, and digital, we have made it easy for you to get your copy today by simply clicking on this link BOOK.

Phillip B Gottfredson’s book “My Journey to Understand Black Hawk’s Mission of Peace” a history of Timpanogos Indians and the Utah Black Hawk War.